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医学科普

刷牙健康指导

发表者:赖红昌 人已读

刷牙指导

Brushing Basics上海交通大学医学院附属第九人民医院口腔种植科赖红昌

1.牙刷:牙刷毛不宜太硬,刷头不宜过大;应选择软毛小头的,牙刷至少三个月换一次。

2.牙膏:选择含氟牙膏,3岁以下儿童慎用;3-6岁应在家长监督指导下使用,量不宜太多,黄豆大小即可。

3.刷牙时间不少于3分钟,一天两次;最好用温水刷牙,力量不宜过大。

4.刷牙时漱口次数不宜过多,漱一次,保持10秒即可。

5.具体刷牙方法:

A.握笔试手持牙刷,将刷头至于颈部,刷毛与牙面呈45°角,刷毛指向牙根方向(上牙向上,下牙向下),轻微加压,使刷毛部分进入龈沟,部分置于龈缘上。

B.2-3颗牙为一组,短距离(约2mm)水平颤动牙刷4-6次;然后将牙刷向牙冠方向转动,拂刷唇舌(腭)面;注意动作要轻柔。

C.将牙刷移至下一组2-3颗牙位置重新放置,注意放置要有1-2颗牙的位置重叠。

D.刷上前牙舌(腭)面时将刷头坚放在牙面上,使前部刷毛接触龈缘或进入龈沟,做上下提拉颤动,自上而下拂刷,不做来回拂刷;刷下前牙舌面时,自下而上拂刷。

E.要依顺序刷到上下颌牙弓唇舌(腭)面的每个部位,不要有遗漏。

F.刷咬(牙合)面时手持刷柄,刷毛指向咬(牙合)面,稍用力做前后来回刷,注意上下左右区段都必须刷到。

Brushing Basics

1.Toothbrush: Rather than a stiff-bristles brush with too big a head, a soft-bristles one with a comparatively small head will be suggested. A toothbrush should be replaced every 3 months.

2.Toothpaste: Use fluoride toothpaste to brush your teeth. For children under 3, toothpaste should be used with caution. For children between the age of 3~6, toothpaste should be used under the supervision of the parents, the suitable amount being the size of a soybean.

3.Effective brushing takes more than 3 minutes each time and at least twice a day in a gentle way. Aggressive brushing is not recommended due to erosion of enamel surface. It’s better to use warm water during brushing.

4.Do not rinse too many times during brushing.

5.Detailed instructions for brushing:

a:Set your bristles at the gum line at a 45-degree angle. Gently brush with a short, vertical motion. Don’t brush across your teeth.

b.Brush just a few teeth at a time and spend about 12~15 seconds in each spot. Work your way around your mouth so that you get every tooth.

c:When brushing your molars, position the brush perpendicular to your lips and on top of your molars. Work the brush in an in-and-out motion.

d:Brush the inner surfaces of your teeth. Tip the toothbrush so that the head of the brush id pointing toward your gum line, and brush each tooth.

e:After you’ve cleaned your teeth, use the bristles of your toothbrush to gently clean your tongue. Remember not to press too hard.

本文是赖红昌医生版权所有,未经授权请勿转载。

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发表于:2017-01-06 09:25

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